Hengel - Crucifixion

Распятие - Мартин Хенгель

В книге Crucifixion in the Ancient World and the Folly of the Message of the Cross, Мартин Хенгель,привлекая богатый исследовательский материал, рассматривает феномен распятия и отношение к нему в древнем мире.

Crucifixion - Martin Hengel - INTRODUCTION

Mors turpissima cruris.

This study first appeared as an article in Rechtfertigung. Festschrift fiir Ernst Kdsemann zum yo. Geburtstag, ed. J. Friedrich, W. Pohlmann and P. Stuhlmacher, Tubingen and Gottingen 1976, 125-84, and the three Latin words of its original title, mors turpissima cruris ('the utterly vile death of the cross'), best sum up its content.

They come from Origen, Commentary on Matthew, on 27-22ff. (Klostermann, GCS 38, p. 259): non solum homicidampostulantes ad vitam, sed etiam iustum ad mortem et ad mortem turpissimam cruris (asking not only life for a murderer but also death for an innocent man, indeed the utterly vile death of the cross). J. Schneider, TDNT VII, 573 n. 15, gives these words as a quotation from Tacitus: he has evidently overlooked the dash which separates adjacent quota­tions from Tacitus and Origen in P. Winter, On the Trial of Jesus, SJ 1, 1961, 185 n.21. I am especially grateful to my assistant Helmut Kienle for clarifying this complicated state of affairs: he has given me untiring help in checking quotations, gathering scattered material and reading proofs. I am also grateful to Gott­ fried Schimanowski for his help, especially with the typescript.
I am further deeply indebted to my colleague Professor Rengstorf of Miinster for communicating the Josephus passages containing rrpoGTjXovv, aravpos, aravpovv, and to the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, Munich, for the occurrences of patibulum.


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