The Hellenization of Judea in the First Century After Christ - Martin Hengel
2 The Linguistic Question and its Cultural Background
3 Greek Education and Literature in Jewish Palestine
4 The Political and Social Aspects of 'Hellenization'
5 'Hellenistic' Traditions in Jewish Palestine
6 The Consequences: Palestinian Judaism as 'Hellenistic Judaism'
The Hellenization of Judea in the First Century After Christ - The Problem
Ever since the beginning ofcritical investigation ofthe New Testament in terms of the history of religion it has been customary to distinguish between 'Judaism' and 'Hellenism' (or between 'Jewish' and 'Hellenistic') as two completely different entities, to some degree capable of exact definition. Fundamental importance is often attached to this distinction, in which case it then appears as one of the most important criteria for historical interpretation in New Testament studies2 Here 'Hellenism' (and the adjective formed from it) as it is now understood is a relatively recent term; the great scholar Droysen was the first to attach its present significance to it about 150 years ago in connection with II Mace.4.13 (see n. 19 below).
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