Sanders - Paul and Palestinian Judaism

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Sanders, E. P. Paul and Palestinian Judaism: A Comparison of Patterns of Religion
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Sanders, E. P. Paul and Palestinian Judaism: A Comparison of Patterns of Religion

Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1977

Sanders, E. P.  - Paul and Palestinian Judaism - A Comparison of Patterns of Religion - Contens

     1.     Paul and Judaism in New Testament scholarship
     2.     The holistic comparison of patterns of religion
Purpose of the study
Difficulties of the comparison
Addendum: patterns and trajectories
     3.     Sources
     1.     The persistence of the view of Rabbinic religion as one of legalistic works-righteousness
     2.     The use of Rabbinic material
Pharisees and Rabbis
Date and authenticity
The eclectic use of Tannaitic material
     3.     The nature of Tannaitic literature
Tannaitic literature and Tannaitic religion
     4.     The election and the covenant
The theme of gratuity
The election and the explanations of it
The enduring validity of the covenantal promises
God’s side of the covenant: commandments and blessings
     5.     Obedience and disobedience; reward and punishment
The requirement of obedience
The burden of obedience
Disobedience as sin and guilt
Reward and punishment
     6.     Reward and punishment and the world to come
God’s justice and retribution in the world to come
Weighing fulfilments and transgressions at the judgment
     7.     Salvation by membership in the covenant and atonement
All Israelites have a share in the world to come
The Sadducees
The ‛amme ha-’arets
     8.     Proper religious behaviour: zakah and tsadaq
     9.     The Gentiles
     10.     The nature of religious life and experience
Studying and doing and the presence of God
Prayer and the time of death
     11.     Conclusion
     1.     Introduction
     2.     The covenant and the covenant people
The covenant
The members of the covenant and its enemies
     3.     Election and predestination
     4.     The commandments
     5.     Fulfilment and transgression; the nature of sin; reward and punishment
The requirement of fulfilment
Destruction of the wicked
Sin as transgression
Punishment for intra-covenantal transgression
Reward, the requirement of perfection and man’s nothingness
     6.     Atonement
     7.     The righteousness of God and the righteousness of man
     8.     The religious life
     9.     Conclusion
Appendix 1: The authorship and Sitz im Leben of the Hodayot
Appendix 2: 1QS 8.1–9.2
Appendix 3: 1QS 8.3f
Appendix 4: The nothingness of man and Gattungsgeschichte
     1.     Ben Sirach
The election and the covenant
The fate of the individual Israelite; reward and punishment
Covenant, commandments, sin and atonement in Ben Sirach and Rabbinic literature
The wicked and the righteous
     2.     I Enoch
The Book of Noah
I Enoch 12–36
I Enoch 83–90
I Enoch 91–104
I Enoch 1–5; 81; 108; 93.1–10; 91.12–17
     3.     Jubilees
The election
The commandments
Reward and punishment
The basis of salvation; the ‘true Israel’
The Gentiles
God’s mercy; man’s repentance and atonement
The righteous
Appendix 1: Jubilees and the Essenes
Appendix 2: The integrity of Jubilees
     4.     The Psalms of Solomon
The pattern of religion in Ps. Sol. 9
The election
The commandments; chastisement; reward and punishment
God’s justice and mercy
Repentance and atonement
The identification of the righteous and the wicked
The righteousness of God
     5.     IV Ezra
IV Ezra in recent scholarship: the problem posed by the book
The dialogues
The visions
IV     PALESTINIAN JUDAISM 200 b.c.e.–200 c.e.: Conclusion
Covenant and law
The common pattern of religion: covenantal nomism
Apocalypticism and legalism
Sects and parties
Judaism in the time of Jesus and Paul
V     PAUL
     1.     Introduction
Method of proceeding
The question of the centre and the beginning point
     2.     The solution as preceding the problem
     3.     Pauline soteriology
The future expectation and its present guarantee
One body, one spirit
Transfer terminology
Salvation of mankind and the world
     4.     The law, the human plight and the relationship of the solutions to it
The law; righteousness by faith
Man’s plight
Righteousness and participation
The varying definitions of man’s plight
Addendum: Plight and soteriology in Paul according to S. Lyonnet
     5.     Covenantal nomism in Paul
     6.     Judgment by works and salvation by grace
     7.     Coherence, relevance and sources
Appendix:     Perspectives on ‘God’s righteousness’ in recent German discussion Manfred T. Brauch
Paul and Palestinian Judaism
Paul, Hellenism and Hellenistic Judaism
I     Text and Translations
A.     Rabbinic Literature
     1.     The Mishnah
     2.     The Tosefta
     3.     The Babylonian Talmud (Talmud Babli)
     4.     The Palestinian Talmud (Talmud Yerushalmi)
     5.     The Mekilta of R. Ishmael
     6.     Sifra (Torat Kohanim)
     7.     Sifre Numbers (Sifre Bemidbar)
     8.     Sifre Deuteronomy (Sifre Debarim)
     9.     Reconstructed Tannaitic Midrashim
     10.     The Fathers According to R. Nathan (Aboth de Rabbi Nathan)
     11.     Later Midrashim
B.     Dead Sea Scrolls
C.     Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha
D.     Bible
II     Reference Works
III     General
Index of Passages
Index of Names
Index of Subjects


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