Wright N. T. The Climax of the Covenant
Сборник экзегетических исследований христологии ап. Павла и его представлений о Законе Моисеевом.
Райт Н.Т. Кульминационный момент Завета: Христос и Закон в теологии Павла
Изобилует обоснованиями и отсылками к греческим текстам. По отзывам студентов, глава, посвящённая Рим.9-11, показалась им наиболее полезной из всего, что они читали об этом спорном фрагменте.
The Climax of the Covenant - Preface
One task leads to another, and while working on a book on Pauline theology, as yet incomplete, I discover that I have spent a fair amount of my limited research time in recent years wrestling with the detailed exegesis of certain key Pauline passages. For a variety of reasons, these relate particularly to his view of Jesus Christ on the one hand and the Jewish law on the other. Some of these studies have already been published; others have been given as seminar papers in various places. For this new arrangement some of them have been extensively reworked, others less so.
All of them reflect not only solitary study but the constant, and often frustrating, attempt to clarify Paul's thought and expression in tutorials, seminars and lectures. The reason for publishing them here is simply that, while they form part of the essential underpinning for arguments that I wish to advance about Pauline theology as a whole, they are too long and detailed to be included as they stand within a volume that already promises to be large. They nevertheless belong closely with the wider task: study of Paul involves work in exegesis as well as in theology, history of religion, and hermeneutics, and exegesis is sometimes in danger of being swamped—even in commentaries!—by the other three. And I venture to think that these studies also belong quite tidily with each other.
The overall title reflects my growing conviction that covenant theology is one of the main clues, usually neglected, for understanding Paul, and that at many points in his writings, several of which are discussed in this book, what he says about Jesus and about the Law reflects his belief that the covenant purposes of Israel's God had reached their climactic moment in the events of Jesus* death and resurrection. This suggestion, I am well aware, is controversial within the present climate of Pauline scholarship. I hope these essays will at least encourage colleagues who are used to reading Paul in other ways to consider this one more closely.
There can be no pretence of completeness about the book. Several passages of vital importance for understanding Paul's thought about Christ and the Law are not discussed, or only mentioned in passing. The letter to the Romans, in particular, begs to be included all over the place, but apart from a few appearances will have to wait for another occasion. Nor do the chapters dealing with whole passages or sections of Paul pretend to be detailed commentaries: they ask specific questions and try to answer them, leaving aside many matters that a commentary would have to tackle.
The annotation varies in quantity and level, partly as a result of the different provenance of the various chapters, partly because the secondary literature on some issues (for instance, the meaning of Philippians 2.6, discussed in ch.' 4) is itself arguably confused, and needs sorting out along with the issue of Paul's meaning itself, and partly because in the case of Romans (see chs. 2 and 10-13) we are now well served with commentaries that chronicle the recent scholarly hand-to-hand fighting. I have adopted the custom of referring to secondary literature by author's name and date, with full details in the Bibliography. Where the date of original publication is more than ten years or so before that of the edition or translation used, I have given the earlier date in brackets to avoid confusion. I have avoided abbreviations for the most part, leaving only the regular biblical, Jewish and classical ones.
Since the book has in some sense been growing slowly ever since the earliest article was written (chapter 11, originally written in 1977), there are several people who should be thanked for their help and encouragement on the way. Many of the chapters were first conceived while I was working in McGill University, Montreal, from 1981 to 1986, and I am grateful to the Faculty of Religious Studies there for a congenial and friendly environment for such work, as I am to my colleagues at Worcester College, Oxford, where the book has been completed.
My secretary from 1987 to 1990, Jayne Cummins, and her husband, Tony Cummins, have helped in a great variety of ways, not least by keeping the weight of administration off my shoulders sufficiently to enable me to grab a few hours of research time here and there amidst the extraordinary schedule that university lecturers (not to mention College chaplains) now enjoy. Additional and very welcome help also came from Lucy Duffell; and Kathleen Miles has excelled in the numerous editorial and research tasks without which the completion of the book on time would have been impossible. For all this I must also thank the various friends around the world who have, to my astonishment, subscribed to a fund that provides me with secretarial and research assistance at a time when the academic world is required to produce more bricks with less straw (and to write reports on brickmaking while doing so).
The thought that I would be able to produce camera-ready copy of the book myself would have been laughable a year ago; that it is now a reality I owe partly to the manufacturers of the superb Nota Bene software and partly to the generous advice and help of Craig Hill, Robert Webb and Rob Harnish. I am deeply grateful to the editors and staff of T. and T. Clark for accepting this book and steering it cheerfully on its way.
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