Religious Pluralism, Democracy, and the Catholic Church in Latin America
Pluralist Challenges to the Contemporary Catholic Church in Latin America: Institutions and Beliefs in a Context of Religious and Social Change
2 Cultural Change, Religion, Subjective Well-Being, and Democracy in Latin America
3 Cultural Change in Mexico at the Turn of the Century: The Secularization of Women’s Identity and the Erosion of the Authority of the Catholic Church
Soledad Loaezaviii | Contents
4 Education and Increasing Religious Pluralism in Latin America: The Case of Chile
Cristiбn Parker Gumucio
Church Responses to Democratic and Religious Pluralism
Patricia M. Rodriguez
6 The Changing Face of Religion in the Democratization of Mexico: The Case of Catholicism
Roberto J. Blancarte
7 Social Justice, Moral Values, or Institutional Interests?
Church Responses to the Democratic Challenge in Latin America
The Church, Public Policy, and Democracy
8 Life, Liberty, and Family Values: Church and State in the Struggle over Latin America’s Social Agenda
9 Religion and Public Spaces: Catholicism and Civil Society in Peru
Conclusions: Looking Back, Looking Ahead
Daniel H. Levine
11 The Catholic Church in a Plural Latin America:
Toward a New Research Agenda
The Roman Catholic Church in Latin America faces significant and unprecedented challenges. Most prominent among them are secularization, globalizing cultural trends, intensifying religious competition, and pluralism of many kinds within what were once hegemonic Catholic societies. The substantial and original essays in this volume assess the ways in which the Catholic Church in Latin America is dealing with these political, religious, and social changes. Most importantly, they explore how democracy has changed the Catholic Church and, in turn, how religious changes have influenced democratic politics in Latin America.
Drawing on the experiences of several countries to illustrate broad themes and explain divergent religious responses to common challenges, the contributors advance the notion that the Catholic Church's effectiveness in the public sphere and even its long-term viability as a religious institution depend on the nature and extent of the relationship between the hierarchy and the faithful. The essays address the context of pluralist challenges, the ideational, institutional, and policy responses of the Catholic hierarchy, and the nature of both religious beliefs and democratic values at the individual level in Latin America today.
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