Ehrman - New Testament - historical introduction to early Christian writings - Эрман

Bart D. Ehrman - The New Testament: A historical introduction to the early Christian writings
With so many textbooks on the New Testament from which to choose, it seems only fair for me to begin by indicating some of the distinctive features of this one. While there are several outstanding introductory texts, most of them approach the New Testament from a theological or literary perspective. I have no trouble with these vantage points per se; they do not, however, happen to be mine. In this book, I am first and foremost interested in questions that pertain to the history of early Christianity and to the early Christian writings both as they reflect that history and as they helped to shape it.
I am interested, for example, in the life of the historical Jesus (a matter surprisingly left untouched in a number of introductory treatments), in the history of the traditions that circulated about him, in the ways that the authors of our New Testament documents agreed and disagreed with one another (which I treat as a historical question), in the missionary practices of the apostle Paul and others like him, in the ways early Christians differed from their Jewish and pagan neighbors, in the rise of Christian anti-Judaism, in the social opposition evoked by the earliest Christians, in the role of women in the early church, and in a wide range of other questions that lie more in the province of the historian than in that of the theologian or literary critic.
My historical orientation has led me to situate the early Christian literature more firmly than is normally done in the social, cultural, and literary world of the early Roman Empire. Thus, for example, I do not discuss Greco-Roman religion, the sociopolitical history of Palestine, and other related issues merely as background (for instance, in a kind of introductory appendix that is subsequently forgotten about, as is commonly done). I have instead evoked the context of the early Christian writings at critical junctures throughout the book, as a way of helping beginning students to unpack the meaning and significance of these writings. Thus, for example, the discussion of religion in the Greco-Roman world sets the stage for reflections on the traditions about Jesus that were being circulated and sometimes modified within that world. The discussion of the social history of Palestine is reserved for a later chapter on the historical Jesus, since knowing about first-century Palestinian Judaism is presumably of greatest relevance for understanding a first-century Palestinian Jew. Reflections on the philosophical schools appear (principally) in the discussion of the missionary activities of Paul, for which they are particularly apropos. Justifications for these and other decisions are made en route.

Bart D. Ehrman - The New Testament: A historical introduction to the early Christian writings

Second edition
New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. - 507 pp.
ISBN 0-19-512639-4 (pbk. : alk paper)

Bart D. Ehrman - The New Testament: A historical introduction to the early Christian writings - Contents

Chapter 1 What Is the New Testament? The Early Christians and Their Literature
Chapter 2 The World of Early Christian Traditions
Chapter 3 The Traditions of Jesus in Their Greco-Roman Context
Chapter 4 The Christian Gospels: A Literary and Historical Introduction
Chapter 5 Jesus, the Suffering Son of God: The Gospel according to Mark
Chapter 6 The Synoptic Problem and Its Significance for Interpretation
Chapter 7 Jesus, the Jewish Messiah: The Gospel according to Matthew
Chapter 8 Jesus, the Savior of the World: The Gospel according to Luke
Chapter 9 Luke’s Second Volume: The Acts of the Apostles
Chapter 10 Jesus, the Man Sent from Heaven: The Gospel according to John
Chapter 11 From John’s Jesus to the Gnostic Christ: The Johannine Epistles and Beyond
Chapter 12 Jesus from Different Perspectives: Other Gospels in Early Christianity
Chapter 13 The Historical Jesus: Sources, Problems, and Methods
Chapter 14 Excurus: The Historian and the Problem of Miracle
Chapter 15 Jesus in Context
Chapter 16 Jesus, the Apocalyptic Prophet
Chapter 17 From Jesus to the Gospels
Chapter 18 Paul the Apostle: The Man and His Mission
Chapter 19 Paul and His Apostolic Mission: 1 Thessalonians as a Test Case
Chapter 20 Paul and the Crises of His Churches: 1 and 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Philippians, and Philemon
Chapter 21 The Gospel according to Paul: The Letter to the Romans
Chapter 22 Does the Tradition Miscarry? Paul in Relation to Jesus, James, Thecla, and Theudas
Chapter 23 In the Wake of the Apostle: The Deutero-Pauline and Pastoral Epistles 
Chapter 24 From Paul’s Female Colleagues to the Pastor’s Intimidated Women: The Oppression of Women in Early Christianity
Chapter 25 Christians and Jews: Hebrews, Barnabas, and Later Anti-Jewish Literature
Chapter 26 Christians and Pagans: 1 Peter, the Letters of Ignatius, the Martyrdom of Polycarp, and Later Apologetic Literature
Chapter 27 Christians and Christians: James, the Didache, Polycarp, 1 Clement, Jude, and 2 Peter
Chapter 28 Christians and the Cosmos: The Revelation of John, The Shepherd of Hermas, and the Apocalypse of Peter
Chapter 29 Epilogue: Do We Have the Original New Testament?
Glossary of Terms


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