Grabbe - History of Jews and Judaism in Second Temple Period - 1- 4

Lester L. Grabbe A History of the Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period - Volume 1
Trying to write a history of Judah during the Persian period is fraught with dangers but also promises great rewards. Why write a history of Persian-period Judah? This is a fair question even if we accept that any historical period, location, or self-contained entity is a proper object for historical study. As I have argued elsewhere (JRSTP: 5-6, 315-17), the Second Temple period of Judaic history should be seen as a unit, marked off at one end by the so-called exilic period and at the other by Yavneh, the period between the two wars with Rome (66-70 and 132-35 CE). According to my argument, the major changes and developments in Judaism and the Jewish people were seminal to the Persian period, not Alexander’s conquest as so often alleged. My view, buttressed by the present study, is that the Persian period is the single most important period for the development of Jewish thought and practice from antiquity to the present.
 
It has long been thought that major developments and changes took place in the first part of the ‘post-exilic period’ which had great significance for the development of Judaic religion, the biblical and other Jewish literature, and the people of Judah. I shall be arguing that the changes and developments that took place during the period of Persian rule were the key to the direction taken by Judaism ever since. The most important elements of modem Judaism were already extant or in process by the end of the Persian period, whether or not they existed in the pre-exilic kingdom of Judah. An understanding of Judaism in the Second Temple, especially, but also subsequently requires an understanding of the forces and dynamics affecting the Jews in Judah and elsewhere in the Achaemenid empire.
 
1.1. Aims
This study aims to be a history in the widest sense of the word, encompassing society, economy, administration, religion, geography, political events, and intellectual and literary developments. As will become clear, what we can say in each of these areas will vary considerably between topics and periods of time. There are and will continue to remain large gaps in our knowledge. Yet this study is not just a discussion of problems and possibilities. It will also go on to write a history, that is, a historical reconstruction of the period and place. Such a reconstruction can only be a personal, subjective one, but it will be based on the discussions made about sources and their interpretation made earlier in the study. It will even include speculation, but that speculation will be clearly labelled and its basis indicated. I have not given up the idea that histories of antiquity can be written—within agreed and defined parameters. In that sense, I do not see my task as essentially different from histories written by classical historians of Greece and Rome nor, indeed, of those written even by historians of the modem period. We know much less about antiquity because of the much greater limits on sources, but the historical methods and principles are the same, in my opinion. Thus, my history aims to accomplish the following:
 
• Survey comprehensively the sources available to us for constmcting the history of Yehud.
• Analyze and evaluate the sources and discriminate between them as to their value, problems, uncertainties, and relative merits for providing usable historical data.
• Summarize the main debates relating to history of the period.
• Catalogue the bulk of the recent secondary studies on the period.
• Provide my own historical synthesis of the period, clearly indicating the basis for it (including why it may differ at various points from that of other scholars).
• Establish a firm basis on which further work can be done by other researchers in a variety of areas of scholarship, not only for historians but including those more interested in literature and theology, and other aspects of study relating to the Hebrew Bible and Second Temple Judaism.
 

Lester L. Grabbe - A History of the Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period - Volume 1 - Yehud: A History of the Persian Province of Judah

(Library of Second Temple Studies, 47)
London, New York, T&T Clark International A Continuum imprint, 2004. - 493 pp.
ISBN 0-5670-8998-3 (hardback)
 

Lester L. Grabbe - A History of the Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period - Volume 1 - Yehud: A History of the Persian Province of Judah - Contents

Preface
Abbreviations
Map: The Province of Yehud (Borders Reconstructed)
Part I. Introduction
Chapter 1. Introduction: Principles and Method
Part II. Sources
Chapter 2. Archaeology: Unwritten Material
Chapter 3. Archaeology: Written Material
Chapter 4. Biblical Writings
Chapter 5. Persian, Mesopotamian, and Egyptian Sources
Chapter 6 . Greek and Latin Sources
Part III. Society and Institutions
Chapter 7. Administration
Chapter 8. Society and Daily Living
Chapter 9. Economy
Chapter 10. Religion I: Temple, Cult, and Practice
Chapter 11. Religion II: Law, Scripture, and Belief
Part IV. Historical Synthesis
Chapter 12. The Early Persian Period
Chapter 13. The Fifth Century BCE
Chapter 14. The Fourth Century BCE
Part V. Conclusions
Chapter 15. A Holistic Perspective: What We Know, What We Can Guess, and Where Our Ignorance Is
Appendix: The Question of Persian Influence on Jewish Religion and Thought
Bibliography
Index of References
Index of Authors
Index of Subjects

том 2Lester L. Grabbe - A History of the Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period - Volume 2 - The Coming of the Greeks: The Early Hellenistic Period (335-175 BCE)

(Library of Second Temple Studies, 68)
London, New York, T&T Clark International A Continuum imprint, 2008. - 456 pp.
ISBN-10: HB: 0-567-03396-1 
ISBN-13: HB: 978-0-567-03396-3
 

Lester L. Grabbe - A History of the Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period - Volume 2 - The Coming of the Greeks: The Early Hellenistic Period (335-175 BCE) - Contents

Preface
List of Abbreviations
Part I. Introduction
Chapter 1. Introduction: Principles and Method
Part II. Sources
Chapter 2. Archaeology
Chapter 3. Papyri, Inscriptions and Coins
Chapter 4. Jewish Literary Sources
Chapter 5. Greek and Latin Writers
Part III. Society and Institutions
Chapter 6. Hellenism and Jewish Identity
Chapter 7. Administration
Chapter 8. Society and Daily Life
Chapter 9. Economy
Chapter 10. Religion I: Temple, Cult and Practice
Chapter 11. Religion II: Law, Scripture and Belief
Part IV. Historical Synthesis
Chapter 12. Time of Alexander and the Diadochi (335-280 BCE)
Chapter 13. The Ptolemaic Period (280-205 BCE)
Chapter 14. Early Seleucid Rule (205-175 BCE)
Part V. Conclusions
Chapter 15. The Early Hellenistic Period - A Holistic Perspective
Bibliography
Indexes
Names and subjects
Citations
Modern scholars

том 3Lester L. Grabbe - A History of the Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period - Volume 3 - The Maccabaean Revolt, Hasmonaean Rule, and Herod the Great (175-4 BCE)

(Library of Second Temple Studies, 95)
London, New York, Oxford, New Delhi, Sydney, T&T Clark, 2020. - 635 pp.
ISBN: HB: 978-0-5676-9294-8
ePDF: 978-0-5676-9295-5
 

Lester L. Grabbe - A History of the Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period - Volume 3 - The Maccabaean Revolt, Hasmonaean Rule, and Herod the Great (175-4 BCE) - Contents

Preface
Abbreviations
Part I. Introduction
Chapter 1. Introduction
Part II. Sources
Chapter 2. Archaeology, Including Coins and Inscriptions
Chapter 3. Jewish Literature
Chapter 4. Greek and Latin Sources
Part III. Society and Institutions
Chapter 5. Economics
Chapter 6. Sects and Movements
Chapter 7. Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls
Chapter 8. The Samaritans: From Sanballat to Vespasian
Chapter 9. The Idumaeans, Arabs and Pakthians
Chapter 10. The Diaspora: Jewish Communities Outside Judah from Alexander to Herod (330 BCE to 4 BCE)
Chapter 11. Causes of the Maccabaean Revolt
Chapter 12 Religion: Temple, Scripture, Belief and Practice
Part IV. Historical Synthesis
Chapter 13. Background: The Ptolemies, the Seleucids and the Romans
Chapter 14. Events Preceding the Maccabaean Revolt (175-168 BCE): A New Constitution for Jerusalem
Chapter 15. The Maccabaean Revolt to the Death of Judas (170-161 BCE)
Chapter 16. The Hasmonaean Kingdom: From Jonathan to Alexandra Salome (161 to 67 BCE)
Chapter 17. End of the Hasmonaean Kingdom and the Beginning of Roman Domination (67-40 BCE)
Chapter 18. The Reign of Herod the Great (40-4 BCE)
Part V. Conclusions
Chapter 19. Judaism from Onias III to Herod the Great: A Holistic Perspective
Bibliography
Index of References
Index of Authors
Index of Subjects

том 4Lester L. Grabbe - A History of the Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period - Volume 4 - The Jews Under the Roman Shadow (4 BCE-150 CE)

(Library of Second Temple Studies, 99)
London, New York, Oxford, New Delhi, Sydney, T&T Clark, 2021. - 662 pp.
ISBN: HB: 978-0-5677-0070-4
ePDF: 978-0-5677-0071-1
 

Lester L. Grabbe - A History of the Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period - Volume 4 - The Jews Under the Roman Shadow (4 BCE-150 CE) - Contents

Preface
Abbreviations
Part I. Introduction
Chapter 1. Introduction
Part II. Sources
Chapter 2. Archaeology, Including Inscriptions and Coins
Chapter 3. Jewish Literature
Chapter 4. Greek, Roman, and Christian Sources
Part III. Society and Institutions
Chapter 5. Economics
Chapter 6. Jews in the Diaspora (4 BCE to 117 CE)
Chapter 7. Sects and Movements
Chapter 8. Mystical and Gnostic Trends, and the Esoteric Arts
Chapter 9. Religion I: Temple and Text, Religious Practice
Chapter 10. Religion II: Beliefs
Chapter 11. Religion III: Judaeophilia and Judaeophobia, Religious Rights, and Conversion
Part IV. Historical Synthesis
Chapter 12. The Reign of Herod Archelaus and the Roman Province of Judaea (4 BCE to 37 CE)
Chapter 13. The Reign of Agrippa I, Once More a Roman Province, and the ‘Spiral of Violence’ (37-66 CE)
Chapter 14. The Great Revolt—The War with Rome (66-73/74 CE)
Chapter 15. Roman Control (from 70 to c. 150 CE)
Part V. Conclusions
Chapter 16. The Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period— a Holistic Perspective
Bibliography
Index of References
Index of Authors
Index of Subjects
 

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