Keener - Acts - Commentary - 2 - (3-14)

Craig S. Keener - Acts : an exegetical commentary. Volume 2 (3:1-14:28)
In this section the apostolic church grows and even challenges the municipal aristocracy (the local political elite) by an alternative vision of leadership for Israel. This section reports a major public sign and a consequent speech appealing to Israel to turn and submit to its rightful king. It then turns to two escalating confrontations with Jerusalem’s leaders. Sandwiched between the two confrontations are an account of a second community experience of the Spirit (analogous to the Pentecost experience), including positive (Barnabas) and negative (Ananias and Sapphira) examples of sharing possessions, and a summary of continuing apostolic signs.
Luke’s contrast between two kinds of leadership—one institutional and supported by Rome and hereditary wealth, the other charismatic and following Jesus’s example—is graphic. The contrast would be especially striking if, as suggested in the commentary introduction (ch. 10), Luke wrote in a period when Jerusalem and its priestly aristocracy lay in shambles whereas the movement founded by Jesus’s apostles had continued to spread.
Scholars have often noted some parallels between the persecution of the apostles in Acts 4 (Peter and John) and Acts 5 (all the apostles). A century and even half a century ago most scholars viewed the repetition as due to Luke’s including divergent oral accounts of the same event as different events. Today most scholars find instead a deliberate literary pattern, an “echo effect” to reinforce the point.

Craig S. Keener - Acts : an exegetical commentary. Volume 2 (3:1-14:28)

Baker Academic, a division of Baker Publishing Group
Grand Rapids, MI, 2013. - 1094 pp.
ISBN 978-0-8010-4837-1 (cloth)

Craig S. Keener - Acts : an exegetical commentary. Volume 2 (3:1-14:28) - Contents

Part 2: Apostolic Leadership in Jerusalem (3:1-5:42)
  • The Healing of the Paralytic and Its Aftermath (3:1-4:30) 
  • Excursus: The Disabled, Poverty, and Begging
  • Results of the Second Outpouring of the Spirit (4:31-5:16) 
  • Excursus: Parallels for This Narrative 
  • More Persecution (5:17-42) 
  • Excursus: Pharisaism
Part 3: The Hellenist Expansion (6:1-9:31)
  • Hellenist Leaders (6:1-7) 
  • Excursus: Greek and Aramaic Use in Judea and Galilee
  • Excursus: Proselytes 
  • Stephen (6:8-8:1a) 
  • Excursus: Synagogues
  • Excursus: Freedpersons 
  • Excursus: Views about the Temple
  • Excursus: The Son of Man 
  • Philip Reaches beyond Judeans (8:1b-40)
  • Excursus: Buhal and Moutning Ptactices and Stephen’s Death 
  • Excursus: Samatitans
  • Excursus: Magic and Magicians
  • Saul Becomes a New Witness (9:1-31) 
  • Excursus: Meritorious Suffering in Judaism 
  • Excursus: Son of God
  • Excursus: Nabatean Opposition
  • Excursus: Galilee 
Part 4: Peter’s Ministry beyond Jerusalem (9:32-12:24)
  • Healings on the Coastal Plain (9:32-43) 
  • A Roman Officer Accepted by the Church (10:1-11:18)
  • Excursus: "Divine” Humans
  • Antioch Reaches Gentiles and Helps Jerusalem (11:19-30)
  • Peter versus Herod (12:1-24) 
  • Excursus: Slaves and Slavery 
  • Part 5: Paul’s Diaspora Missions (12:25-19:41) 
  • Paul and Barnabas in Cyprus and Phrygia (12:25-14:28) 
  • Excursus: Pauline Soteriology in Context
  • Excursus: Paul as a Cynic Preacher?


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